Tuesday, April 28, 2009

Edward and Women

Edward III has always been accused of being a womaniser. This however is made up from theories from the 19th century.

Edward was married to Philippa of Hainault for 41 years. He adored her and she presented him with 12 children (7 sons and 5 daughters). She was know to be gladsome, kind, generous, wise, pious, tall, and beautiful (not to mention very buxom. She married Edward when she was 13 and he 15. They always loved each other and were devoted to one another.

Edward, however, did have a very sexual court where men could be found 'entertaining ladies'. Edward probably did not take part in this, though many of his friends did. Despite being very religious, Edward was unashamed about his court

In 1363 Edward finally became attracted to one of Philippa's ladies in waiting. Her name was Alice Perrers. It wasn't long before Edward brought her to the bed that had once been occupied by Philippa. She gave him a son and 2 daughters: John, Joan, and Jane. She stayed with him until his death when she took the rings from his fingers. She was extremely unpopular for her affairs in Parliament.

In 1369, Queen Philippa died of cancer. Edward was with her and cried while she told him her last requests. He loved Alice, but he would always love Philippa more. The only reason Alice caught his eye was because Philippa was sick.

Edward was not a womaniser. He loved his wife to deeply

Monday, April 27, 2009

Edward III and Language

Hello bloggers. This is for Edward III fans or English history fans. Edward III is an amazing character. I think i'll start this blog commenting on his reforming of the English Langage.

Edward III was born in a time where most of the English nobility(including his parents) spoke French not English. The common people spoke it, but not the aristocrats. It was in 1362 that all of that changed. For a long time (23 years to 1360), England had been fighting a war with France. Edward III had a better claim to be king of France, but Philip VI didn't see it that way. Edward showed his military command at three great battles: Sluys (1340) Crecy (1346) and Calais (1347). His son defeated and captured the French king, John II, at Poitiers. By 1362, Edward was tired of the nobility speaking French (langauge of his former enemy), so in the Parliament that met on his 50th birthday (November 13, 1362), a law read out that 'pleas shall be pleaded in the English tongue and enrolled in latin. It was labeled the Statue of Pleading. By 1400, everyone of importance spoke English

Edward was behind many personal reasons for the main langauge changing from French to English. He spoke it and used it in all of his 4 mottos. His greatest friend, Henry, duke of Lancaster had spoken it (he having died in 1361). His grandson, Edward of York, translated Gaston Phoebous's treatise on hunting into english. John Wycliffe-who first translated the new testament into English was Master of Balliol College in 1362. Probably most important was Geoffrey Chaucer, who was the first poet to write in English since Saxon times, was in royal service.

This is just one of many of Edward's cultural acheivments